And many ethic groups settled in areas dominated by their own people and showed resistance to change. Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. The frontier became the American Dream. Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in It was popular among New Dealers—Franklin Roosevelt and his top aides  thought in terms of finding new frontiers.
That coarseness and strength combined with acuteness and acquisitiveness; that practical inventive turn of mind, quick to find expedients; that masterful grasp of material things….
People were willing to lie their past behind in search of new opportunities. He also commented directly on the connections he saw between the past and the present.
He sounded an alarming note, speculating as to what this meant for the continued dynamism of American society as the source of U.
The turner thesis argued that historians who still adhere roughly to Turner's approach accuse their opponents of mistaking a simple-minded political correctness for good scholarship in their quest to recount only the doom and gloom of the Western past.
The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker. But this step backwards was overshadowed by the hope for a new and better society.
This view dominated religious historiography for decades. Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history.
Awarded his doctorate inhe was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe. This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear.
They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.
Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the West into the United States. Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.
Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two. Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Other historians and philosophers such as Tocqueville and Hegel have also talked about the impact of the frontier on the American experience, but the Turner thesis was the first to be accepted by other historians.
It shaped European settlers into something different from the European character. The bison herd still lives on the grounds of Fermilab.
Even though many scholars have questioned the thesis as an acceptable theory of explaining American history and culture, the thesis has its strengths. Other historians, who wanted to focus scholarship on minorities, especially Native Americans and Hispanics, started in the s to criticize the frontier thesis because it did not attempt to explain the evolution of those groups.
He earned his Ph. He proved adept at promoting his ideas and his students, whom he systematically placed in leading universities, including Merle Curti and Marcus Lee Hansen.
Often the rhetoric reaches an acrimonious crescendo. Turner did not publish extensively; his influence came from tersely expressed interpretive theories published in articleswhich influenced his hundreds of disciples.
Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history.
Turner's essay reached triumphalist heights in his belief that the promotion of individualistic democracy was the most important effect of the frontier. Historians have noted that John F. His emphasis on the importance of the frontier in shaping American character influenced the interpretation found in thousands of scholarly histories.
He retired in but continued his research until his death in Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks.
The frontier was closely related to the myth that sustained the American faith, the ideals and images that represent the American Dream as well as America as an exceptional nation.
He argued that the frontier had meant that every American generation returned "to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line.
William Appleman Williams led the "Wisconsin School" of diplomatic historians by arguing that the frontier thesis encouraged American overseas expansion, especially in Asia, during the 20th century.
Turner considered Native Americans to be of little significance. Turner explained what made America unique.Where Turner told the triumphalist story of the frontier's promotion of a distinctly American democracy, many of his critics have argued that precisely the opposite was the case.
Frederick Jackson Turner, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” “ Turner ‘s article, also known as the Frontier Thesis, argued that the settlement ofthefrontier made the American nation unique.
Turner credited thefrontier’s settlement as the primaryforce in shaping the nation’s democratic institutions. Turner Thesis The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.
The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that the origin of the distinctive egalitarian, democratic, aggressive, and innovative features of the American character has been the American frontier experience.
Sep 19, · The thesis should belong in the introduction of the essay, your body paragraphs should all relate back to your thesis. The thesis is basically a statement that declares what y ou believe in.
Wisconsin Historical Society Frederick Jackson Turner ___Frederick Jackson Turner___ The Significance of the Frontier in American HistoryDownload