The traditional policy of household registration, which was designed to keep the peasants tied to their land, is still in force. The Guardian also picked up on another problem brought by government policies.
Despite this tightly packed area, it still has the second highest life expectancy in the world and remains one of the few areas in Asia to receive a "very high Human Development Index" ranking. Achieving an average of two births per woman is impossible unless some women have more than two children balancing those who have fewer.
What do Chinas population problem birth mothers feel, she asked. In Januarythe Chinese Government released data confirming that the population of China was an impressive 1, although this does not include TaiwanHong Kong and Macau. The commonly accepted explanation for son preference is that sons in rural families are thought to be more helpful in farm work.
A great emptiness that can never be filled, she replied. Some have even lost their jobs, or were Chinas population problem household registration permits for their children, according to CHRD. World Population Data Sheet.
Furthermore, out of the second children born, only eleven percent were authorized Jiali Li Some are used by criminal gangs as street beggars, others are destined for child labor, and many are sold for adoption. The combination of these existing factors with the severe family planning laws has had tragic results indeed.
Demographer Chen Youhua from Nanjing University said the lower birth rate was mainly to do with a drop in the number of women at childbearing age — a population structure resulting from the low birth rate in the s.
Overly populated regions lead to degradation of land and resources, pollution, and detrimental living conditions. The combination of these existing factors with the severe family planning laws has had tragic results indeed.
She recounted how during a visit to a rural village inshe was having dinner in one of the village homes when the daughter-in-law of the homeowner gave birth in the adjoining room. Wang argued that in a society where children are expected to take care of their elders based on Confucian traditionthe one-child policy has caused many social problems as the older generation now lacks a sense of social security.
Finally, the cultural preference for sons has led to a large number of incidences of female infanticide Hilali Those over 60 years of age comprise Hong Kong is the 8th most densely populated city in the world, with 68, people per square mile.
The one child policy was met with a great deal of resistance, particularly in rural areas. A third danger is that low fertility may lead to rising inequality.
The boost to economic growth occurred as fertility decline pushed the share of the working-age population higher, increased investment in the health and education of children, raised female labor force participation, and raised saving and investment rates.
China Population Density As a whole, China has an estimated population density of people per square kilometer, or people per square mile. Only one-third had two births, however, while one-third had one or none and one-third had three or more.
The traditional cultural preference for male children and the ancient system of land distribution that strongly favors males has long meant that girls are not properly valued.
The government used this to its advantage; spreading the view that economic growth would hinder population growth Hilali According to the State Family Planning Commission, coverage in tap water has increased from eighty-four percent to ninety-four percent in the last fifteen years.
Meanwhile children under the age of 14 now make up Missing Girls and Rapid Aging May 22, Programs that limit childbearing in any way should end without delay. This makes population figures a bit confusing. The census figures also confirmed the trend toward a rapidly aging population.
Next attention should be redirected to providing a supportive environment for young couples who are bearing and raising China's next generation. The number of workers, the engine of the Chinese economy, has begun to decline and economic growth will surely slow.
Rapid population aging will make it much more difficult to support public programs that provide for the social welfare of the elderly.Population Growth in China is one of the most serious problems that the Beijing administration needs to tackle.
How does the government plan to solve what could be the biggest problem for China’s future? Note: This commentary first appeared in China Daily on 7/21/ For decades China has pursued policies intended to slow population growth by reducing childbearing.
Slowly, attention is shifting to the dangers of super-low fertility.
China is under pressure to change its one-child family planning policy following publication of the latest census figures. The population increased to billion incompared to billion inthe Wall Street Journal reported, April Problems associated with overpopulation. China has the highest population in the world, encompassing billion or twenty one percent of the world's population (P.R.B.
7). China faces serious social and economic problems associated with overpopulation in the years to come. Jul 23, · Note: This commentary first appeared in China Daily on 7/21/ For decades China has pursued policies intended to slow population growth by reducing childbearing.
Watch video · The report predicts China's population will peak in at billion. It stood at around billion in Experts suggest that China's demographic crisis is in part a legacy of its attempt at population control through the one-child policy.Download